Tooth loss often leads to more jawbone loss over time. Also tissue inflammations or periodontitis can leave people with reduced bone density. If it turns out that the jaw does not provide sufficient bone to anchor an implant, the bone has to be rebuilt.
Depending on the extent of bone deficiency, different types of bone augmentation procedures are available. Special three-dimensional radiographic images are used for the precise imaging and measurement of the available bone. If the jawbone isn’t thick enough or lacks in height, it cannot safely support the implant. In order to perform dental implantation, the jawbone must first be rebuilt. In most cases a synthetic bone or inorganic bone substitute material is used.
A bone augmentation can be done at the same time as the implant placement allowing the bone substitute and the implant heal simultaneously. The healing time depends on each patient as each surgery is unique.
Bone augmentation procedures
- Consultation and diagnosis
- Local anesthesia for pain-free treatment
- Opening of the gum tissue with small incision
- Implant placement
- Simultaneous bone augmentation with bone substitute material
- Stitching of gum tissue
- Suture removal after one week
- Individual healing period
- Implant preparation
Types of bone augmentation
- Inorganic bone
- Synthetic bone
- Sinus lift (internal or external)
- 3D construction of milled bones
- Autogenous bone from the lower jaw, pelvic/hip, shank or cranial bone